Gum recession, also known as gingival recession, is a condition in which the roots of the teeth become exposed. If left untreated, it can lead to a greater risk of tooth decay and tooth loss. Exposed roots can also lead to sensitivity to hot foods, cold foods or acids; this can make eating an uncomfortable affair.
Fortunately, modern oral hygiene and dentistry have made receding gum treatment less common than in generations past, even for older adults. It is now easier than ever to prevent and treat gingival recession.
Keeping your gums healthy is the best way to minimize gum recession. Brushing twice a day, flossing daily and biannual dental cleanings are usually all that is needed to avoid gum recession.
But for some people, it's not that simple. Heredity can cause teeth to recede, despite even the best hygiene practices. Crooked teeth can cause gum recession, because they are harder to clean and make it easier for plaque and tartar to build up at the gumline. Brushing too hard at the gumline can also lead to gum recession.
The first step in the treatment of gum disease is to determine what factors are contributing to the recession, so they can be lessened or eliminated. For instance, crooked teeth can be straightened and better oral hygiene methods can be incorporated into a routine.
Once these factors have been addressed, different treatments can be used to restore the appearance of your gums:
Receding gums or recession might occur very slowly, sometimes over a period of years. This can make it tough to spot if you don't experience pain or sensitivity. However, if you notice that your teeth appear longer, or the spaces in between them appear bigger at the base, you should contact your dentist, as these may be signs that you need receding gums treatment.